Physico-chemical and bacteriological investigations of tuikhur water, Saiha town, Mizoram, India


The main source of potable water in the township of Saiha is through the supply maintained by the Public Health Engineering (PHE) Department, Govt. of Mizoram. This supply is done without any proper treatment and is more or less limited especially during the non-monsoon seasons. For domestic use, the people have to depend on alternate resource systems viz. tuikhur (i.e. water seepages accumulated in artificially fabricated small pits), hand pumps and rainwater harvesting (on local level into large tanks). The water samples from different tuikhur were analyzed in the year 2007 (post monsoon) for various physico-chemical parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solid (TDS), turbidity, phenolphthalein alkalinity, total alkalinity, total hardness, total chloride, iron and fluoride and total coliform (MPN) for bacteriological characteristics in order to obtain the current status of potable water quality in the city. The results are suggestive of the fact that the quality of tuikhur water used for domestic purposes is by and large within the acceptable limit.

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